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Country Profile: Czech Republic

Bohemia of old, the Czech Republic straddles western and eastern Europe. Its most rural enclaves cling to a peasant tradition of robust farming, tiny villages defined by crafts and dearly held customs, and respect for the cycle of the harvest. Gentle slopes, primeval forests, and babbling rivers lead to medieval hamlets that seem untouched by time.

The nation’s major cities also exude a rich Old World aura; its capital, Prague, has been heralded as one of the most finely preserved medieval cities in the world, where bustling market squares, elegant public buildings and a thriving artistic sensibility combine to form one of the most engaging cities in modern-day Europe.

Remarkably, only since 1989 has the Czech Republic been so free-spirited. As far back as the 16th century, the region was ruled by the Habsburgs and, later, the Austrian Empire. After the collapse of the latter in 1918, the Republic of Czechoslovakia was formed. When Communism took hold in the 20th century, the Soviets moved in to support it, only to be peacefully removed during the triumphant, bloodless 1989 Velvet Revolution. The new multiparty republic voted revolution leader Václav Havel its president and welcomed a new dawn.

Yet remnants of the wide-ranging nobilities that once reigned over Bohemia are dearly preserved. Renaissance châteaux dot the forested landscape, boasting of former imperial might. Baroque towns are lined with old merchant houses and manors. And the great Prague Castle still watches over the capital, as it has for 1,100 years. The Czechs are proud of it all–from peasant villages to the grandest castles. Walking in the Czech Republic brings it all into sharp focus.

Read more about Czech Republic

View Our Czech Republic Tour

Country Highlights
  • Hike through vast primeval forests bursting with wildflowers.
  • Explore tiny villages of pastel cottages and Renaissance châteaux.
  • Reward your enriching days of walking with a cold mug of pilsner, the Czech Republic’s national beer.
  • Sample hearty Czech staples such as goulash, dumplings, and sauerkraut.
  • Delight in the elegant beauty and quiet charms of Český Krumlov, an enchanting artists’ town on the Vltava River.

Why Walk With Us

  • Trust our expertise with 40 years in active travel.
  • Immersive experiences with our local guides.
  • Virtually everything is included, even beer and wine with dinner.
  • Your departure is always guaranteed.
  • We take care of our solo travelers.
  • Past guests and referrals always save.

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Country Facts

About Czech Republic:

Blanketed in fertile forest and charming villages, the landlocked Czech Republic is an enchanting pocket of Central Europe that exudes the spirit of the Old World. Its historical regions still today bear names that remind travelers of the world that was–Bohemia, Moravia, and Czech Silesia. They divide the country, respectively and approximately, into a western half, an eastern half, and a slice of the northeast.

The historic centers of Prague, Český Krumlov, and Telč are all UNESCO World Heritage Sites, for their painstaking preservation of their medieval squares and buildings. Once ruled with the iron fist of Communism as Czechoslovakia, a parliamentary republic emerged after the peaceful uprisings of 1989, famously known as the Velvet Revolution. The capital city is Prague.

Czech is the Czech Republic’s official language. While knowledge of the local language is not necessary, you may want to learn some fun and useful phrases to use during your walking tour. The effort seldom goes unappreciated and by trying some greetings and salutations with a smile, your interactions are likely to grow into rewarding exchanges. See the BBC Languages site for helpful hints.

Life in the Czech Republic

Shopping and banking hours: Smaller shops and stores, and those in smaller towns, are generally open Monday to Saturday from 8:00 a.m. or 9:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. and on Saturdays from 9:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. Shopping malls and supermarkets are open daily from 8:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. Banks are open from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Monday to Friday.

Meal times: Breakfast is served at hotels from 7:00 a.m. to 10:00 a.m. In restaurants and cafés, lunch is served from 12:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m. and dinner is usually served from 6:00 p.m. to 10:00 p.m.

Tipping: In restaurants and cafés, it is customary to leave 10 percent of the total. For taxi drivers, 10 percent of the fare or rounding up is appropriate. For luggage assistance, about 20 crowns (korunas) per bag is customary.

Czech Republic public holidays: To assist in travel planning, it may be helpful to be aware of Czech public holidays, festivals, or calendars of events. See the Czech Tourism website for a list of public holidays and festivals.

Typical Czech cuisine is simple and hearty. Traditional dishes are wild mushroom soup or goulash (the region’s culinary strong points), or fried cheese with cabbage salad. Grilled, braised, or stewed meats (beef, pork, poultry, or wild game), accompanied by a potato dish, are popular dinner items, and are often served with either a cream sauce (called svickova) or a lighter sauce flavored with dill or tomato. Dumplings—often made of potato and flour and sometimes filled with fruit—are a Czech mainstay and specialty of the region.

Vegetarians can also be accommodated with selections prepared using ingredients plucked from any number of local farms. Of course, a Czech dinner would not be complete without a beer featuring the distinctive flavor of hand-picked Bohemian hops, ranking among the best in the world. (Read more about Czech beer here.) The country also produces several excellent wines in the hills of South Moravia.

The Czech Republic has a continental climate. From May through September, daytime temperatures range from the high 50s to the mid-80s. From late June to early September, the temperature will usually be in the higher end of this range. While generally sunny without being unbearably hot, the Czech Republic does experience some rainy weather in early spring and late fall. Evening and early morning temperatures will be cooler than daytime temperatures.

Average temperatures in Prague for the following months are as follows (high/low): May, 64°F/45°F; July-August, 73°F/53°F; September, 65°F/48°F.

For up-to-date forecasts, see For historical average temperatures and rainfall, see

U.S. citizens: Passports are required and must be valid for at least three months beyond the dates of travel. Visas are not required for stays of up to 90 days. For more information, see

The Czech Republic uses the koruna (CZK). The current exchange rate is 1 USD = 1 CZK. Exchange rates can vary greatly month to month, so we recommend you visit for the latest.

Many businesses in Europe will no longer accept credit cards without PIN numbers (chip and pin cards). Contact your bank or your credit-card company for details on fees and card use when travelling, and to inform them of your travel destination and dates so they do not freeze your accounts when they see charges appear from a foreign country.

We recommend having a variety of payment options readily available to help you start your trip: ATM card(s), credit card(s), some U.S. dollars to exchange, and some euros in small denominations.

No immunizations are required to enter the Czech Republic. Requirements and recommendations change frequently, so always check directly with the Centers for Disease Control (CDC:; 800-232-4636), a travel clinic, and/or your personal physician for the most current information. Plan ahead for immunizations, as some require administration several months prior to departure.

Electricity: Alternating current of 230V and 50Hz is used in the Czech Republic. Outlets take type-E plugs with two round pins and a hole or standard European type-C plugs with two round pins. For a full listing of electrical outlets worldwide, see If you are bringing your own hair dryer or other electrical device, you will need a travel converter, available at most hardware, travel, or consumer electronic stores. For laptops or an electronic device with a dual voltage switch, you will only need the adapter plug, not the converter.

Phone: The Czech Republic’s country code is “+420.” Cell phone coverage throughout the Czech Republic is extensive, but we cannot guarantee adequate signals on all American phone models or while on walking trails or in remote areas. For more information regarding international phone use, please refer to this blog post.

Internet: Internet access is generally very good in towns and villages; however, all of the hotels used on our tours do not necessarily provide it, or they provide it at an additional cost. Details regarding Wi-Fi availability in each hotel are available in the Itinerary Overview that you’ll receive once you’ve reserved.

The Czech Republic is in the Central European Time Zone, Eastern Standard Time plus 6 hours. For more information on worldwide time zones, see:

A wealth of travel information is available at


The majority of international flights into the Czech Republic arrive at Prague’s Ruzynĕ International Airport (, with short connecting flights to other regions in the Czech Republic.

International Airports in the Czech Republic

  • Brno-Tuřany Airport
  • Karlovy Vary Airport
  • Ostrava – Leoš Janáček Ostrava Airport
  • Prague – Prague Václav Havel Airport
  • Pardubice Airport


Czech Railways: Czech Republic’s national train company can be found at You may book your train travel directly with them. Or, if you plan to travel for longer periods, consider Rail Europe, a U.S.-based company that provides schedules, reservations, and ticketing for all European train networks. Their multi-day, -week or -month passes in one country or combinations of countries may be a more economical and convenient choice. For more information, go to or call 800.622.8600.

For additional hints and guidance about travel to the Czech Republic, visit the Czech tourist board’s website at


Czech Beer

Czech Republic Beer credit Czech Tourism

Deeply rooted in Czech history and culture, beer–locally called pivo–has been produced in the Czech Republic for centuries. The earliest brewing took place in the Břevnov Monastery in 993 A.D. and monks laid the foundation for a long tradition of beer making. Later, in 1088, King Vratislav II tithed a parcel of hops to the Vyšehrad Cathedral–within a fortress along the Vltava River–so that they could brew beer.

In the middle of the 19th century, the city of Pilsen had yet to find the secret to making good beer. To compete in an ever-growing market, a brewery in town recruited a German brewer who had become well versed in the art of Bavarian lager. His golden brew was the first light-colored beer ever produced and grew so popular that a train car bound for imperial Vienna was loaded every morning with the newly coined “pilsner” beer. Earlier, around 1795, the city of České Budějovice–then known by its German name, Budweis–opened its first brewery. The Burgerliches Brauhaus Budweis, as it was then called, is the oldest beer-maker in the world to use the word “budweiser” in its name.

It’s a history that the Czechs hold dear. And it is celebrated and toasted at the Czech Beer Festival each year in Prague. The Republic’s answer to Germany’s Oktoberfest, it draws beer lovers from all over for 17 days of frivolity and stein-raising every May. Today, the majority of Czech beer is pilsner lager, which ranges in color from pale (Světlé), to amber (Polotmavé), to dark (Tmavé), and finally to black (Černé). Wheat beer (Pšeničné pivo) is also brewed.

Czech Republic - 1 Tour Available

Guided Walking Czech Republic

Czech Republic: Vienna to Prague

Activity level: Easy to Moderate Terrain

4.5-9 Miles Daily

Flight + Tour

11 days, 10 nights

From $5,998 USD

per person

Tour Only

8 days, 7 nights

From $4,998 USD

per person

Tour Highlights:
  • Four UNESCO centers: Telč, Holašovice, Český Krumlov, and Prague
  • Enjoy a tasting of the peppery white wine Grüner Veltliner in one of the charming villages of Austria’s Wienviertel (wine quarter).
  • Stay in the heart of the quiet, uncrowded, pastel-hued town of České Budejovice, home to the imperial brewery for the Holy Roman Empire.
  • Highly supported walking options, with the ability to flexibly tailor distance on average every 1.75 miles

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Departure Dates
Flight + Tour Combo


  • May 18
  • Jun 8
  • Aug 17
  • Sep 14
  • Sep 28
Tour Only


  • May 20
  • Jun 10
  • Aug 19
  • Sep 16
  • Sep 30