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Country Profile: Canada

One of the world’s largest countries, Canada is home to an endless array of breathtaking natural wonders. From the majestic peaks of the Rockies dotted with jade-green lakes to the charming villages along Quebec’s St. Lawrence River to the serene islands of Nova Scotia, there is no shortage of pristine splendour. And no shortage of rich cultural heritage either, with hints of France, Scotland, and England. Amidst its vastness, there is inexplicable beauty in the details, and our Canadian walking tours provide the perfect venues to savor them all.

Canada’s heritage reaches across the Atlantic Ocean, to the days when Norsemen, French, and Scots first set foot on its eastern shores. The rugged land was ripe for fishing, hunting, and trapping and the nation’s earliest economies were built on these trades. Canadians still hold dear to their connection to the great outdoors, and with good reason.

In the west, the soaring Continental Divide and Canadian Rockies are one of the world’s most dramatic stages for long, inspiring walks. Craggy massifs are draped with snow and laced with crystal-clear rivers. Spruce forests and emerald-hued lakes host moose, marmots, and the whiskey jack bird. Alpine meadows burst with brilliant wildflowers. To the east, rich cultures and remarkable beauty converge. Amidst Quebec’s charming French-flavored villages built from stone, woodland valleys and the fjord-lined Saint Lawrence River make for inspiring strolls. On Nova Scotia’s Cape Breton Island, vibrant green hills spill toward rocky shores and sleepy fishing hamlets are awash in the trill of bagpipes, evoking old Scottish highlands.

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Country Highlights
  • Hike amidst the Canadian Rockies’ stupendous vistas of roaring waterfalls, deep green spruce forests, coursing rivers and emerald lakes.
  • Set your gaze high upon the rock-wall slopes of colossal natural amphitheatres.
  • Seek out the beluga whale in the Saguenay Saint Lawrence Marine Park.
  • Meet the Québecois who call Quebec City home as you browse art galleries and pause in sidewalk cafes.
  • Experience the Scottish flavors, coastal charms, and magnificent beauty of Cape Breton Island

Why Walk With Us

  • Trust our expertise with 38+ years in active travel.
  • Immersive experiences with our local guides.
  • Virtually everything is included, even beer and wine with dinner.
  • Your departure is always guaranteed.
  • We take care of our solo travelers.
  • Past guests and referrals always save.

Contact a CW Travel Expert

800.234.6900

Monday - Friday 8:30 am - 6:30 pm EST

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Country Facts

About Canada:

Canada comprises most of the North American continent, sharing the longest national border in the world with the United States (5,525 miles). From the Pacific to the Atlantic oceans and north to the Arctic, its land and water area form the second largest country in the world after Russia. The nation boasts 60% of all the world’s lakes, numbering around 31,700. This astonishing figure makes Canada home to much of the world’s fresh water. Its population density is among the lowest, at 8.5 people on average per square mile.

Canada is a parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy overseen by the British Crown. In this bilingual nation, you are as likely to hear French as English being spoken. Canada’s capital is Ottawa.

The official languages of Canada are English and French. Outside of Québec, English is predominantly used, with French used on signs and on some menus. While knowledge of the French language is not necessary, you may want to learn some fun and useful phrases to use during your walking tour. The effort seldom goes unappreciated and by trying some greetings and salutations with a smile, your interactions are likely to grow into rewarding exchanges. See BBC Languages for helpful tips. Country Walkers also recommends a phrase book or two in our Reading Guide that you’ll receive after you reserve.

Life in Canada

Shopping and banking hours: Shops and stores are generally open Monday to Saturday between 9:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. and on Sundays from 11:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Shopping malls, department stores, and supermarkets are open all day, every day of the week, from 8:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. (or later; check locally). Banks are open from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Monday to Friday, and from 9:00 a.m. to noon on Saturday.
Meal times: Breakfast is served at hotels from 7:00 a.m. to 10:00 a.m. In restaurants, lunch is between 12:00 p.m. and 3:00 p.m., and dinner is usually served from 4:00 p.m. to 9:30 p.m., but with substantial local variation.

Tipping: In restaurants and bars, leave 15 to 20 percent of the total. Taxi drivers receive 10 to 15 percent of the fare. For luggage assistance, offer from $2 to $5 depending on the service provided.

Canada public holidays: Canada public holidays, festivals, or calendars of events may affect your travel planning. For an official list, see this site.

A Canadian perspective: Before you travel, check out cbc.ca, the official website of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation/Radio Canada, for a Canadian view on the news and to learn what Canadians are reading, watching on television, and listening to. A wide number of links to audio and video programming are available.

Canadian food is North American in its standard repertoire, as well as in its inclusion of regional dishes and seasonal harvests. Quebec combines North American dishes with traditional French cuisine; regional specialties include local meat and game, such as rabbit, seafood such as mussels, many local cheeses, and tempting French or maple syrup-based desserts. Nova Scotia offers fresh lobster, Acadian-style cod, and Scottish-influenced baked goods. In Western Canada and the Rockies, menus include hearty items such as the region’s local beef steaks and game meats such as venison.

Quebec is the world’s largest producer of maple syrup, supplying more than 80% of the syrup consumed worldwide. As hard as it is for a Vermont-based company like Country Walkers to admit, it’s just as tasty as Vermont syrup. The Canadian classification system has three categories (1, 2, and 3) and five grades (extra light, light, medium, amber, and dark). For nutritional information, recipes, and interesting maple lore, visit ilovemaple.ca.

During the months of June through September, the weather is ideal for active vacations in the Canadian Rockies, Nova Scotia, and Quebec. In general, daytime temperatures range from the 60s to low 70s, with chillier nights and mornings, perhaps even around freezing in the higher elevations of western Canada. Occasional precipitation can occur at any time.

For up-to-date forecasts, see qwikcast.com. For historical average temperatures and rainfall, see weatherbase.com.

U.S. citizens: Passports are required to enter Canada by air, land, or sea. Visas are not required for U.S. citizens. For more information, see travel.state.gov.

Starting March 15, 2016, visa-exempt foreign nationals who fly to or transit through Canada will need an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA). Exceptions include U.S. citizens and travelers with a valid visa. Cost approximately $7.00CAD. For current rate and to apply for your eTA, please see cic.gc.ca/english/visit/eta-start.asp

Canada uses the Canadian dollar (CAD). The current exchange rate is 1 USD = 1 CAD. Exchange rates can vary greatly month to month, so we recommend you visit oanda.com. for the latest.

Contact your bank or your credit-card company for details on fees and card use when travelling, and to inform them of your travel destination and dates so they do not freeze your accounts when they see charges appear from a foreign country.

We recommend having a variety of payment options readily available to help you start your trip: ATM card(s) and credit card(s).

No immunizations are required to enter Canada. Requirements and recommendations change frequently, so always check directly with the Centers for Disease Control (CDC: cdc.gov/travel; 800-232-4636), a travel clinic, and/or your personal physician for the most current information. Plan ahead for immunizations, as some require administration several months prior to departure.

Electricity: Alternating current of 120V and 60Hz is used in Canada, as in the U.S. The majority of plugs are Type B, with two square and one round prong. For a full listing of electrical outlets worldwide, see electricaloutlet.org. If you are visiting Canada from outside North America and bringing your own hair dryer or other electrical device, you will need a travel converter, available at most hardware, travel, or consumer electronic stores. For laptops or an electronic device with a dual voltage switch, you will only need the adapter plug, not the converter.

Phone: Canada’s country code is “+1.” Cell phone coverage throughout Canada is extensive, but we cannot guarantee adequate signals on all American phone models or while on walking trails or in remote areas. For more information regarding international phone use, please refer to this blog post.

Internet: Internet access is generally widely available; however, all of the hotels used on our tours do not necessarily provide it, or they provide it at an additional cost. Details regarding Wi-Fi availability in each hotel are available in the Itinerary Overview that you’ll receive once you’ve reserved.

Canada spreads out over several time zones. Find the official time at your Canadian destination here.

A wealth of travel information is available at caen.canada.travel.

Airports

Canada has an extensive international and domestic air network with many airlines and airports. For travel to all regions and airports, see caen.canada.travel; for Western Canada, visit travelalberta.com and hellobc.com; and for Quebec, see bonjourquebec.com.

International Airports in Canada

  • Calgary International Airport
  • Edmonton International Airport
  • Gander – Gander International Airport
  • Halifax – Halifax Stanfield International Airport
  • Hamilton – John C. Munro Hamilton International Airport
  • Kelowna International Airport
  • Moncton International Airport
  • Mont-Tremblant – Rivière Rouge – Mont Tremblant International Airport
  • Montréal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport
  • Ottawa Macdonald-Cartier International Airport
  • Quebec City – Quebec/Jean Lesage International Airport
  • Regina – Regina International Airport
  • Saskatoon John G. Diefenbaker International Airport
  • St. John’s – St. John’s International Airport
  • Sydney, Nova Scotia – J.A. Douglas McCurdy Sydney Airport
  • Toronto/Mississauga – Toronto Pearson International Airport
  • Vancouver International Airport
  • Victoria – Victoria International Airport
  • Whitehorse – Erik Nielsen Whitehorse International Airport
  • Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport

Trains

VIA Rail: Canada’s national train company is viarail.ca. You may book your train travel directly with them.

Other local transportation

Long-distance bus travel can also be a convenient way to reach a destination. The largest national company is Greyhound; check locally for smaller regional long-distance bus companies.

Major car rental agencies are available at airports, city centers, and train and bus stations. Taxis are available at all major airports, cities, train and bus stations, and in smaller towns, and can be reserved in advance (your hotel can usually provide assistance).

For more information, contact Country Walkers.

For additional hints and guidance about travel to Canada, visit the Canada tourist board’s website.

Photos

Canada - 4 Tours Available

Guided Walking new walking tour at vancouver island
North America

British Columbia: Vancouver Island

Activity level: Easy Terrain

2-4 miles daily

Tour Only

6 days, 5 nights

From $3,948 USD

per person

Tour Highlights:
  • Set out in search of black bears during a private Zodiac expedition, exploring hidden coves and inlets inaccessible by land.
  • Follow breathtaking walking trails in Pacific Rim National Park, along dramatic coastline and in lush rainforests that host some of the largest and oldest cedars on earth.
  • Savor a cider tasting and lunch at a family-run cidery and indulge in an elegant dinner in the award-winning restaurant at Butchart Gardens.

Have Questions?

Speak with a Travel Expert 800.234.6900

Request a Call
Departure Dates
Flight + Tour Combo

2018

  • Sep 15
  • Sep 22
Tour Only

2018

  • Sep 16
  • Sep 23
  • Sep 16
  • Sep 23
Guided Walking New Brunswick Hero 2018
North America

New Brunswick: Bay of Fundy & Campobello Island

Activity level: Easy to Moderate Terrain

3-7 Miles Daily

Tour Only

7 days, 6 nights

From $3,298 USD

per person

Tour Highlights:
  • Beside the village of St. Martins, enjoy a walking route determined by the tides: either ascending to a lookout point above the crashing waves or strolling along broad flats to sea caves carved by the surf.
  • Enjoy an exclusive stay in turn-of-the-century cottages on Campobello Island, complete with a traditional lobster dinner overlooking the ocean.
  • Stroll through the town of Saint Andrews, learning about everything from the town’s 200-year-old homes to the beautiful Kingsbrae Garden, recognized as one of Canada’s best.

Have Questions?

Speak with a Travel Expert 800.234.6900

Request a Call
Departure Dates
Flight + Tour Combo

2018

  • Jun 23
  • Aug 18
  • Sep 15
  • Sep 22
Tour Only

2018

  • Jun 24
  • Aug 19
  • Sep 16
  • Sep 23
  • Jun 24
  • Aug 19
  • Sep 16
  • Sep 23
Self-Guided Walking Nova Scotia
North America

Nova Scotia: Cape Breton Island

Activity level: Easy to Moderate Terrain

3-7 Miles Daily

Tour Only

7 days, 6 nights

From $1,998 USD

per person

Tour Highlights:
  • Enjoy the spectacular views from Skyline Trail, looking down from headlands 1,000 feet above sea level to the Gulf of St. Lawrence.
  • Stay in the elegant seaside resort of Keltic Lodge, which counts a private beach, spa, and 18-hole golf course among its many amenities.
  • Enjoy daily live music from local Cape Breton musicians in the pub and distillery attached to your lodgings.
  • Delight in the freedom of having your own transportation as you explore the Cabot trail by car and on foot.

Have Questions?

Speak with a Travel Expert 800.234.6900

Request a Call
Departure Dates

2017: Departs daily June 15 - Oct 15
2018: Departs daily June 15 - Oct 15

More Details
Guided Walking Quebecs Sanguenay Fjord
North America

Quebec: Quebec City & the Saguenay Fjord

Activity level: Easy to Moderate Terrain

2-6 Miles Daily

Tour Only

6 days, 5 nights

From $3,448 USD

per person

Tour Highlights:
  • With your guides in Baie-Saint-Paul, wander a quaint village and artists’ colony full of picturesque wooden houses and galleries, learning about the town’s impressive history—dating back to the 1600s.
  • Aboard a Zodiac boat, witness minke, beluga, and blue whales breaching during an unforgettable whale watch on the St. Lawrence River.
  • Listen as your guides describe the Grands-Jardins National Park, which showcases the beauty of the boreal forest and tundra.

Have Questions?

Speak with a Travel Expert 800.234.6900

Request a Call
Departure Dates
Flight + Tour Combo

2018

  • Jul 22
  • Jul 29
  • Aug 5
  • Sep 2
  • Sep 9
  • Sep 16
Tour Only

2018

  • Jul 23
  • Jul 30
  • Aug 6
  • Sep 3
  • Sep 10
  • Sep 17
  • Jul 23
  • Jul 30

View More Dates

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