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Country Profile: Italy

One of the most romantic destinations in the world, Italy is synonymous with hearty, farm-grown cuisine, delicious wine and a remarkably rich history that changed the course of the world. It is also home to some of the most stunning landscapes on earth, making for one of the most fulfilling travel experiences in Europe.

At once pristine, rugged and civilized, Italy’s landscapes evoke the heady days of Renaissance splendor, Roman genius and early Etruscan settlement. At its center, fabled Tuscany is a fertile patchwork of greens and browns, blanketed with renowned vineyards and dotted with the country’s famed hill towns. This was the birthplace of the Renaissance and many of its villages stand just as they did when the likes of Michelangelo and da Vinci led that surge in creativity that introduced unprecedented innovations in the arts, humanities, and sciences.

From Cinque Terre to the Maremma and the Amalfi Coast, Old World villages cling to dramatic rocky shores or rest idly on peaceful harbors. Some of Italy’s most scenic regions, these tidy corners host multi-hued hamlets whose fishermen haul in the catch of the day as they have for centuries. The mountainous island of Sicily, too, exudes a rustic allure forever tied to the sea–and to the moods of Mt. Etna, Europe’s most active volcano.

In the far north, the Apennines and Dolomites–enormous snow-capped massifs soaring to the skies–top off the nation like a colossal cap. Charming Alpine villages, lakeside resort towns and stunning vistas typify this alpine pocket of Italy. Snowmelt from these mountains feeds the rustic farmlands of Piedmont to the west and flows into the magnificent Venetian Lagoon and the azure Adriatic Sea to the east.

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Country Highlights
  • Walk the cliffside, pastel-colored villages of Cinque Terre.
  • Follow scenic pathways through the forests and vineyards of Italy’s Lakes Region.
  • Explore Tuscany’s medieval hill towns, and sample their full-bodied wines.
  • Take in sweeping views of the legendary Amalfi Coast from terraced hillsides.
  • Sample the coveted truffles and Barolo wine of Piedmont.

Interested in Italy?

Check out our Italy Ebook to learn more about how Country Walkers can help you plan the perfect Italian adventure.

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Italian guide

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  • Past guests and referrals always save.
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Country Facts

About Italy:

Famously shaped like a boot, Italy is celebrated as one of Europe’s most beautiful nations, both for its historic architecture and for its natural and varied vistas. More than 50 UNESCO World Heritage Sites grace the Italian landscape, from Renaissance-era cities and medieval hill towns to relics from ancient Rome–the most of any country in the world. Five percent of the country is preserved as national parkland.

In the days of the Roman Empire, Italy stood firmly as the center of much of civilized Europe and North Africa. When Rome fell, disparate kingdoms formed on the Italian peninsula and vied with each other for power. Italy was finally unified under its national hero, Victor Emanuel, in 1861. Today, it is a democratic parliament. The capital city is Rome.

Italian is Italy’s official language. While knowledge of the local language is not necessary, you may want to learn some fun and useful phrases to use during your walking tour. Italians are famously warm and friendly, but as in any culture, they appreciate visitors who make an initial effort to speak their language. By doing so with a smile, your interactions are likely to grow into rewarding exchanges. See BBC Languages for helpful hints. Country Walkers also recommends a phrase book or two in our Reading Guide that you’ll receive after you reserve.

Life in Italy

Shopping hours: Shops and stores are generally open Monday to Saturday between 9:30 a.m. and 12:30 p.m., and from 3:30 to 7:30 p.m.; department stores and supermarkets are open all day from 9:30 a.m. to 7:30 p.m. Open-air markets generally open from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m., although in larger cities such as Florence, open-air markets are typically open all day, even on Sundays.

Meal times: Breakfast is served at hotels from 7:00 a.m. to 10:00 or 10:30 a.m. Italians generally break for lunch from 12:30 to 2:30 p.m. Restaurants typically open their doors for dinner from 7:30 to 11:00 p.m. (Restaurant meal times may vary by region, trending from earlier to later as you travel from north to south.)

Tipping: Tipping in restaurants is not compulsory in Italy. The menu or bill indicates servizio incluso, meaning “service is included.” However, locals tend to leave a small amount in coins after a meal or a coffee—roughly one to two percent of the total, or one to two euros for a meal of up to 50 euros. For a coffee or a drink in a bar or café, 20 to 50 euro cents is appropriate. In addition, most restaurants have a “cover charge” or il coperto, a per-person fee of one to three euros that is added to your final bill. It is a legitimate practice and it is considered the “fee” for the place setting, the bread, tap water (which is fine to drink), and breadsticks.

It is generally not customary to tip taxi drivers, but it is typical to round up the total and let the driver keep the change. For luggage assistance, a small tip of one to three euros is appropriate.

Italian public holidays: Italian public holidays, festivals, or calendars of events may affect your travel planning. Visit the Italian tourist board’s website, then click on More Information at the bottom of the page. For local events, visit the regional tourism websites, which you can link to via the Discover Italy section).

Italian cuisine is one of the world’s finest; many consider it reason enough to travel here. Because it’s based on fresh local ingredients and generations-old recipes vary by region. Whichever region you visit, your hiking in Italy will be rewarded with incredible meals.

Northern Italy is the home of risotto, polenta, and slow-cooked meat dishes such as osso bucco. The cuisine of Tuscany and Umbria in central Italy also features meat and game dishes, such as bistecca alla fiorentina (Florentine steak), sausages, and roast pork, as well as vegetable- and bread-based dishes such as savory bruschetta, ribollita (vegetable soup), and panzanella (bread salad).

Southern Italy and Sicily are justly known for fresh seafood—spaghetti with tiny clams, or a main course of swordfish braised in a light tomato sauce. Fresh vegetables are also prominent— spaghetti with zucchini or the well-known insalata caprese of tomatoes, basil, and fresh mozzarella cheese.

Meals in Italy typically have several courses, starting with an antipasto (an appetizer); then a primo (first course), which is usually pasta or risotto; a secondo (main course), which is a meat or fish dish; and dolce (dessert).

Coffee is served throughout the day in its many different ways. Italians tend to drink caffe latte or cappuccino until about 11:00 a.m. (a latte is a cup of hot milk). Later, they usually drink un caffe (espresso). If you’d like it with a little milk you should order a macchiato. You’ll need to specify if you want it con latte caldo (with hot milk), con latte freddo (with cold milk), or con schiuma (with foam). There’s no charge to stand at the bar with your coffee, but a small fee is added to the bill when you sit at a café table.

Wine has been produced in Italy for millennia, and it’s the perfect complement to a walking vacation. The country’s climate, soil and varied geography of coastline, foothills, and mountains create ideal conditions for viniculture in 20 regions, from the Alps in the north to southernmost Sicily. Restaurants typically feature their regions’ local wine.

Italy has a range of climates that vary by region. In general, spring and fall are often the best time to visit Italy on an active vacation, with daytime temperatures in the 60s to low 70s, evenings in the 50s, and occasional short rain showers.

In the northern Alpine areas, summer through early fall is an optimal time to travel. Springtime brings wildflowers, long days, and, on the table, early tender vegetables such as asparagus and artichokes. By late summer and fall, the warm days continue with highs in the low 80s, landscapes take on a golden hue as the grape harvest gets underway, and autumn specialties appear, such as mushrooms and truffles.

For up-to-date forecasts, see qwikcast.com. For historical average temperatures and rainfall, see weatherbase.com.

U.S. citizens: Passports are required and must be valid for at least three months beyond the dates of travel. Visas are not required for stays of up to 90 days. For more information, see travel.state.gov.

Italy uses the euro (EUR). The current exchange rate is 1 USD = 1 EUR. Exchange rates can vary greatly month to month, so we recommend you visit oanda.com for the latest.

Many businesses in Europe will no longer accept credit cards without PIN numbers (chip and pin cards). Contact your bank or your credit-card company for details on fees and card use when travelling, and to inform them of your travel destination and dates so they do not freeze your accounts when they see charges appear from a foreign country.

We recommend having a variety of payment options readily available to help you start your trip: ATM card(s), credit card(s), some U.S. dollars to exchange, and some euros in small denominations.

No immunizations are required to enter Italy. Requirements and recommendations change frequently, so always check directly with the Centers for Disease Control (CDC: cdc.gov/travel; 800-232-4636), a travel clinic, and/or your personal physician for the most current information. Plan ahead for immunizations, as some require administration several months prior to departure.

Electricity: Alternating current of 220V and 50Hz is used in Italy. Plugs have two round prongs. For a full listing of electrical outlets worldwide, see electricaloutlet.org. If you are bringing your own hair dryer or other electrical device, you will need a travel converter, available at most hardware, travel, or consumer electronic stores. For laptops or an electronic device with a dual voltage switch, you will only need the adapter plug, not the converter.

Phone: Italy’s country code is “+39.” Cell phone coverage throughout Italy is extensive, but we cannot guarantee adequate signals on all American phone models or while on walking trails or in remote areas. For more information regarding international phone use, please refer to this blog post.

Internet: Internet access is generally very good in towns and villages; however, all of the hotels used on our tours do not necessarily provide it, or they provide it at an additional cost. Details regarding Wi-Fi availability in each hotel are available in the Itinerary Overview that you’ll receive once you’ve reserved.

Italy is in the Central European Time Zone, Eastern Standard Time plus 6 hours. For more information on worldwide time zones, see: worldtimezone.com.

A wealth of travel information is available at italia.it.

Airports

Many international flights fly direct from the U.S. to Italy. Internal flights are available on Italian airlines to larger cities.

International Airports in Italy

  • Alghero – Fertilia Airport
  • Ancona Airport
  • Palese Airport
  • Bergamo – Orio al Serio Airport
  • Bologna Airport
  • Brescia Airport
  • Brindisi Airport
  • Cagliari Airport
  • Elmas Airport
  • Catania – Fontanarossa Airport
  • Cuneo Levaldigi Airport
  • Florence – Peretola Airport
  • Genoa – Cristoforo Colombo Airport
  • Lamezia Terme Airport
  • Milan – Malpensa Airport
  • Milan – Linate Airport
  • Naples – Capodichino Airport
  • Olbia – Costa Smeralda Airport
  • Palermo Airport
  • Parma Airport
  • Perugia – San Egidio Airport
  • Pescara – Abruzzo Airport
  • Pisa – Galileo Galilei Airport
  • Rimini – Federico Fellini Airport
  • Rome – Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport
  • Rome – Rome Ciampino Airport
  • Trapani – Vincenzo Florio Airport
  • Trieste – Friuli Venezia Giulia Airport
  • Turin – Caselle Airport
  • Venice Marco Polo Airport
  • Verona Airport

Trains

Italy’s national train company is Tren Italia. You may book your train travel directly with them. Or, if you plan to travel for longer periods, consider Rail Europe, a U.S.-based company that provides schedules, reservations, and ticketing for all European train networks. Their multi-day, -week or -month passes in one country or combinations of countries may be a more economical and convenient choice. For more information, go to raileurope.com or call 800.622.8600.

Other local transportation

Most major car rental agencies are available at airports and train stations, although it may be best to rent through a local agency branch. Taxis are available at all major airports, train stations, and in smaller towns, and can be reserved in advance (your hotel can usually provide assistance).

For additional hints and guidance about travel to Italy, visit the Italian tourist board’s websites at italia.it and enit.it.

Photos

Italy - 12 Tours Available

Guided Walking Guided Walking Tour of Mount Blanc Circuit
Europe

France, Italy & Switzerland: The Mont Blanc Circuit

Activity level: Challenging Terrain

7-9.5 Miles Daily

Flight + Tour

12 days, 11 nights

From $5,898 USD

per person

Tour Only

9 days, 8 nights

From $4,398 USD

per person

Tour Highlights:
  • Ride the La Flégère cable car into the Chamonix Valley and enjoy its panoramic views of grassy hillsides, virgin forest, and the curving Arve River.
  • After an energetic day on the trail, savor the best of rich Savoyard cuisine: creamy fondue, raclette with potatoes, savory stews, and delicious tarts.
  • Enjoy the mountaineering culture of the Alps in the quaint town of Courmayeur, as you visit local shops or sip a panaché (beer and lemonade) at a sidewalk café.

Have Questions?

Speak with a Travel Expert 800.234.6900

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Departure Dates
Flight + Tour Combo

2017

  • Jun 18
  • Jun 25
  • Jul 30
  • Aug 27
Tour Only

2017

  • Jun 20
  • Jun 27
  • Aug 1
  • Aug 29
Self-Guided Walking Italy The Amalfi Coast
Europe

Italy: The Amalfi Coast

Activity level: Moderate to Challenging Terrain

4-6 Miles Daily

Tour Only

8 days, 7 nights

From $2,798 USD

per person

Tour Highlights:
  • Walk along seaside bluffs, past terraced lemon groves and grape arbors, on the legendary Path of the Gods.
  • Explore the car-free cobblestone streets of the elegant town of Ravello from your centrally located family-owned hotel, stopping to visit hidden gardens and historic villas.
  • Enjoy the expert support of a Country Walkers guide, your local representative in the region and the designer of this tour.
  • Savor a day on the dramatic isle of Capri, following narrow walkways past garden fences to the Gardens of Augustus or the Belvedere delle Noci viewpoint.

Have Questions?

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Departure Dates

2016 & 2017: Departs daily Apr 1 - Jun 30 and Sep 1 - Oct 31

More Details
Guided Walking
Europe

Italy: The Amalfi Coast & Capri

Activity level: Moderate to Challenging Terrain

6-12 Miles Daily

Flight + Tour

10 days, 9 nights

From $5,748 USD

per person

Tour Only

7 days, 6 nights

From $4,698 USD

per person

Tour Highlights:
  • Explore the ancient streets, stone archways, and remarkably preserved temples of Pompeii, a city frozen at the moment of its destruction 2,000 years ago.
  • Along the celebrated Sentiero degli Dei (“Path of the Gods”), witness spectacular vistas: white cliffs, green grass, and the brilliant sapphire of the Mediterranean.
  • Discover a hidden garden in the town of Ravello: the Villa Cimbrone’s wild roses and climbing vines hang on the cliff’s edge over the sea.

Have Questions?

Speak with a Travel Expert 800.234.6900

Request a Call
Departure Dates
Flight + Tour Combo

2016

  • Sep 9
  • Sep 23

2017

  • May 5
  • May 19
  • Sep 8
  • Sep 29
Tour Only

2016

  • Sep 11
  • Sep 25

2017

  • May 7
  • May 21

View More Dates

Self-Guided Walking
Europe

Italy: Genoa & the Cinque Terre

Activity level: Moderate to Challenging Terrain

2-4 Miles Daily

Tour Only

7 days, 6 nights

From $2,598 USD

per person

Tour Highlights:
  • Follow age-old paths through cork-oak forests along the sea, passing into citrus and olive groves on your way from Manarola to Vernazza.
  • Learn to make the region’s most acclaimed specialty—pesto—during a hands-on cooking class with a local chef.
  • Stay in a four-star castle in the ancient port town of Sestri Levante, overlooking two beautiful gulfs: the Bay of Silence and the Bay of Fables.
  • Take advantage of the Cinque Terre’s extensive train and ferry system to tweak and modify your itinerary at will.

Have Questions?

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Departure Dates

2016 & 2017: Departs daily Apr 1 - Jun 30 and Sep 1 - Oct 31

More Details
Guided Walking maremma vineyards and fishing villages
Europe

Italy: Maremma

Activity level: Easy to Moderate Terrain

4-7 Miles Daily

Flight + Tour

10 days, 9 nights

From $5,798 USD

per person

Tour Only

7 days, 6 nights

From $4,798 USD

per person

Tour Highlights:
  • Marvel at the frescoes in Tarquinia’s Etruscan necropolis, lavishly painted in red, indigo, and gold—an unforgettable mix of candid moments from daily life, striking landscapes, and festive celebrations.
  • Walk the rolling hills and preserved farmland of La Farnesiana, moving between cork-oak woodland and farmers’ tracks with wide-open views of the sea.
  • Cap your journey with a boat trip to delightful Giglio Island, where pastel buildings and lighthouses add vibrant color to the verdant scenery.

Have Questions?

Speak with a Travel Expert 800.234.6900

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Departure Dates
Flight + Tour Combo

2016

  • Sep 9
  • Sep 23
  • Oct 14

2017

  • May 12
  • May 19
  • Sep 8
  • Sep 22
  • Oct 6
Tour Only

2016

  • Sep 11
  • Sep 25
  • Oct 16

View More Dates

Guided Walking Following the Salt Route, Piedmont, Italy
Europe

Italy: Piedmont

Activity level: Easy to Moderate Terrain

3-6 Miles Daily

Flight + Tour

10 days, 9 nights

From $5,548 USD

per person

Tour Only

7 days, 6 nights

From $4,498 USD

per person

Tour Highlights:
  • Make pasta during a hands-on cooking class at a farmhouse restaurant in Roero, afterwards kicking back with a glass of wine to enjoy the fruits of your labor.
  • In the forested hills of the Alta Langa, search for white and black truffles with an expert forager and his canine companion, who will teach you how to hunt for these indulgent delicacies.
  • Sit down for lunch in the home of a master cheese maker, sampling his legendary sheep cheese— made in the metodo tradizionale with milk from his own Langhe ewes.

Have Questions?

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Departure Dates
Flight + Tour Combo

2016

  • Sep 16
  • Sep 23
  • Oct 7

2017

  • May 12
  • Sep 15
  • Sep 22
Tour Only

2016

  • Sep 18
  • Sep 25
  • Oct 9

2017

  • May 14

View More Dates

Guided Walking
Europe

Italy: Portofino & Cinque Terre

Activity level: Moderate Terrain

3-5 Miles Daily

Flight + Tour

10 days, 9 nights

From $5,298 USD

per person

Tour Only

7 days, 6 nights

From $4,348 USD

per person

Tour Highlights:
  • Cross the Gulf of Poets—which once inspired Byron, Shelley, and Petrarch—in a vintage wooden speedboat as sunset paints the coast, and toast the view with a chilled aperitivo.
  • Relish the culinary experience of a lifetime in a local restaurant whose acclaimed chef serves fresh seafood from the neighboring docks.
  • Walk to a medieval abbey above the Bay of Fruttuoso before reaching the jet-set resort of Portofino, rewarding yourself with paciugo, a blend of gelato and fresh berries.

Have Questions?

Speak with a Travel Expert 800.234.6900

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Departure Dates
Flight + Tour Combo

2016

  • Sep 9
  • Sep 16
  • Oct 7

2017

  • May 5
  • May 19
  • Sep 8
  • Sep 15
  • Oct 6
Tour Only

2016

  • Sep 11
  • Sep 18
  • Oct 9

View More Dates

Guided Walking Coastline of Sicily on our walking tour
Europe

Italy: Sicily

Activity level: Moderate Terrain

4-8 Miles Daily

Flight + Tour

13 days, 12 nights

From $6,448 USD

per person

Tour Only

10 days, 9 nights

From $5,198 USD

per person

Tour Highlights:
  • Wander among the ancient walls and magnificent columns of Syracuse Archaeological Park with an expert historian, visiting its spectacular theater along the way.
  • Hike dark-grey lava tracks lined with wildflowers on the slopes of Mount Etna, Europe’s largest active volcano, and stop for lunch at a rustic rifugio.
  • Explore the cobblestone streets of Erice, a celebrated city breathtakingly sited atop seaside bluffs, with our local guides stopping to visit with a friendly panettiere (baker) along the way.

Have Questions?

Speak with a Travel Expert 800.234.6900

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Departure Dates
Flight + Tour Combo

2016

  • Sep 9
  • Sep 23
  • Oct 7

2017

  • Apr 21
  • May 5
  • May 19
  • Sep 8
  • Sep 22
  • Oct 6
  • Oct 20
Tour Only

2016

  • Sep 11
  • Sep 25

View More Dates

Guided Walking Italy: The Dolomites
Europe

Italy: The Dolomites

Activity level: Moderate to Challenging Terrain

5-7 Miles Daily

Flight + Tour

10 days, 9 nights

From $5,748 USD

per person

Tour Only

7 days, 6 nights

From $4,398 USD

per person

Tour Highlights:
  • Stop into an Alpine rifugio to recharge over a bottle of Forst beer and plate of canederli cheese dumplings.
  • In the company of your knowledgeable guides, trace the area’s World War I history through the remains of old bunkers and tunnels.
  • Follow a path of gradual switchbacks carpeted with junipers to Limo Pass, where Lake Limo lies within a natural amphitheater, surrounded by karsts carved by the wind.

Have Questions?

Speak with a Travel Expert 800.234.6900

Request a Call
Departure Dates
Flight + Tour Combo

2017

  • Jun 22
  • Jul 13
  • Jul 20
  • Aug 31
Tour Only

2016

  • Aug 27

2017

  • Jun 24
  • Jul 15
  • Jul 22
  • Sep 2
Guided Walking
Europe

Italy: The Lakes

Activity level: Moderate Terrain

4-9 Miles Daily

Flight + Tour

10 days, 9 nights

From $5,698 USD

per person

Tour Only

7 days, 6 nights

From $4,748 USD

per person

Tour Highlights:
  • Wander the majestic grounds of 18th-century Villa del Balbianello, a mixture of luxurious palms, classical statues, and dramatic arches covered in ivy.
  • On Lake Maggiore—the setting for Hemingway’s A Farewell to Arms—stop by a local shop on Isola dei Pescatori (“Fishermen’s Island”) to chat about the catch of the day.
  • Sample the delicate and robust vintages of the region during a wine tasting in a 16th-century wine bar located in Orta San Giulio.

Have Questions?

Speak with a Travel Expert 800.234.6900

Request a Call
Departure Dates
Flight + Tour Combo

2016

  • Sep 9
  • Sep 23

2017

  • May 19
  • Sep 1
  • Sep 15
  • Sep 29
Tour Only

2016

  • Aug 28
  • Sep 11
  • Sep 25

2017

  • May 21

View More Dates

Guided Walking gorgeous tuscany vista
Europe

Italy: Tuscany & Umbria

Activity level: Easy to Moderate Terrain

4-8 Miles Daily

Flight + Tour

10 days, 9 nights

From $5,398 USD

per person

Tour Only

7 days, 6 nights

From $4,398 USD

per person

Tour Highlights:
  • In Montalcino, enjoy an insider perspective on local life when a Tuscan farming couple opens their doors to you for a lunch of cheeses, homemade preserves, and their house wine.
  • Marvel at Giotto’s 28-part fresco The Life of St. Francis, which graces the walls of the iconic Basilica of St. Francis, passionately interpreted by your expert guide.
  • Partake in an unforgettable dinner at the Locanda del Cardinale in Assisi, where your table sits atop a glassed-in excavation of Roman ruins.

Have Questions?

Speak with a Travel Expert 800.234.6900

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Departure Dates
Flight + Tour Combo

2016

  • Sep 16
  • Oct 7

2017

  • May 5
  • Jun 2
  • Sep 1
  • Sep 15
  • Sep 29
Tour Only

2016

  • Sep 18
  • Oct 9

2017

  • May 7
  • Jun 4

View More Dates

Self-Guided Walking
Europe

Italy: Umbria & Assisi

Activity level: Easy to Moderate Terrain

5-10 Miles Daily

Tour Only

8 days, 7 nights

From $2,798 USD

per person

Tour Highlights:
  • Savor a multi-course lunch and wine tasting at a DOC-certified vineyard in lovely Titignano, sampling local meats, cheeses, breads, and biscotti.
  • Stroll through the charming pedestrian center of ancient Orvieto, stopping by local ceramic shops, touring its dramatic 13th-century cathedral, or simply enjoying a cone of gelato.
  • Stay in a spa hotel built in an old villa and still graced with its original details: terracotta floors, large wooden beams, and rustic stone walls.
  • Follow the Franciscan Trail as it ascends through oak forest and pastures on its way to the spectacular hilltop town of Assisi.

Have Questions?

Speak with a Travel Expert 800.234.6900

Request a Call
Departure Dates

2016 & 2017: Departs daily Apr 15 - Oct 31

More Details
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